During these first few weeks, your pup's mind is most open to new experiences and can easily develop/establish new habits, behavior and character.
Puppies start to use their senses to learn new things the moment they open their eyes. Therefore a proper program of exercise, discipline and affection should be readily prepared for your puppy the moment you bring it home.
Basic Puppy Training Preparation
A complete check-up at the vet is necessary so that any possible health problems wouldn’t interfere with any future training.
Discuss with your vet on your puppy's vaccination schedule. Do not bring your puppy outdoors for any training or activities till your puppy is fully vaccinated. Young puppies are vulnerable to many canine infections and therefore any diseases or health problems may make training difficult or even impossible for your puppy during the first month.
Next, all family members should participate in the puppy training. Rules and responsibilities should be setup and agreed upon, e.g. when to play, what to feed, who to clean up. It is also important to know that anyone giving in to the puppy's vulnerability or too much love will spoil the puppy and will make future training attempts difficult. Moreover, retraining any bad habits will take more time, thereby causing enthusiasm to drop and frustration may set in.
That is why everybody should be committed and consistent in the daily training program and no exceptions should be given even if you have friends or guests around. From this point of view, your puppy will start to identify and recognize authority and obey the simple commands, developing desirable habits and behavior.
How to Start your Puppy Basic Training
House training activities may take a month or less in order to ensure the routine.
Designating the toilet, eating and sleeping areas are important in the training process of a puppy. These areas should remain consistent especially during the first month so that your puppy can familiarize itself to the environment and develop good habits quickly.
A clear schedule of walking your puppy outside, playing, feeding and training time should also be clearly established.
Food and water should be particularly supervised as too much of either one would result in your puppy's inability to "hold" and you would find unpleasant minor "accidents" at home.
Leash and collar are a good idea to use on your puppy during periods when nobody is at home so as to prevent any accidents that might result from your puppy's curious exploration around the house.
Supervised your puppy training and allow for early socialization with humans and other species. Do not confine your puppy frequently in confined areas as it can easily develop into behavioral issues such as barking, aggression, separation anxiety, excessive fear and general unruliness.
Puppies learn very quickly with proper encouragements and correction techniques and especially so during the first few months. Give immediate rewards when your puppy perform the correct behavior or action with food treats or gentle stroking.
Avoid giving in to your puppy’s every desire. Rewards should only be given for desired or correct behavior, and not because he or she gives you the cute look.
The training and educating process about what is right and wrong shouldn’t be too harsh and severe either. Observing your puppy’s behavior will prevent any common mistakes of punishing your puppy with no clear reasons. Never use harsh reprimands or physical violence on your puppy. Any aggression against your puppy might lead to future developments of aggressive behaviors in your dog. Determination, discipline and patience are usually all that is needed to correct any bad habits.
The other concerns of the first month basic puppy training are the bonding and time spend together with your puppy. Hug, touch, stroke and talk to your puppy often. This will help establish you as the alpha leader and develop trust with your puppy during the puppy training process.
Modify your puppy’s training methods as and when necessary, but remember to always keep it enjoyable, short and fun. In the end, the most essential ingredients for any successful basic puppy training are still patience, attention and love.